Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Effects Of Substance Abuse On Children - 751 Words

Family. Partner. A study as cited in Fleming, White, and Catalano, (2010) found that couples who were dating or co-habitating but not married tended to have heavier levels of substance abuse than those that were married. Yolanda talked about how whenever she was in a relationship the main activity it centered around was using substances, and because of this she feels she has never had a truly healthy relationship. At the present time, she is single and feels that she does not have the time or energy to put into a relationship. She also feels that she is not far enough along into her sobriety to be able to have a genuine relationship and wants to work on herself and building her relationship with her son before she gets involved with another partner. Currently, she is good friends with her son’s father for her son’s benefit, but she feels it can never be more than that because he still uses. She knows if she gets back together with him it could cause her to relapse. Children. Children can be negatively affected when there is parental depression (Splete, 2006). The child s coping skills cannot deal with stress, so outside stressors cause depressive symptoms. Also, parents with depression are not able to model healthy coping skills for dealing with stress, so this leaves the child susceptible to also develop depression (Splete, 2006). Yolanda says that despite her eight year old son’s recent diagnosis of aspbergers syndrome, he appears to be a happy child. However she isShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Substance Abuse On Children1364 Words   |  6 Pagesare 50% more likely to abuse substances (Promises Treatment Center). Bullying is the act of physical or verbal tormenting over a set amount of time, usually targeted at one person or a group of people. Bullying is an international issue that ruins the victim s emotional well-being. Those who are victims of bullying can turn to drugs or other substances as a form of coping; people who bully can be shown to have abusive tendencies with these substances as well. Substance abuse is defined as being dependentRead MoreThe Effects Of Substance Abuse On Children1443 Words   |  6 Pagessubstance it can lead to impairment or distress in many different ways such as, â€Å"recurrent substance use resulting in a failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school, or home, recurrent substance use in situations in which it is physically hazardous, recurrent substance-related legal problems, continued substance use despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of the substance† (Susic, 2007). According to the Foster CareRead MoreThe Effects Of Substance Abuse On Children1628 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction to Family Issue Substance abuse has been a big problem not only in our society but also to the families affected by it. According to Crosson-Tower â€Å"Over 13 million children live with a parent who has used illicit and addictive drugs†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (Crosson-Tower, 2004, pp. 97-98). Children are like sponges they learn and copy what they see and experience. According to Bernard, et al â€Å"Through our primary caregivers we learn to understand and make sense of the world† (Bernard, et al., 2006, p. 80)Read MoreThe Effects Of Parental Substance Abuse On Children Essay1573 Words   |  7 PagesGrowing up in the household under substances influence can cause severe damage to the child. Parental substance abuse has a significant impact on family function, and it may also contribute to child maltreatment. It heightens the risks to both of the physical and emotional safety of the children, and it generates children’s problematic outcomes. Children who grow up in such families may also e xperience mental health issues, social isolation, financial difficulties, and exposure to stressful lifeRead MoreEssay on Substance Abuse Effects on Children1052 Words   |  5 Pagesbeen affected by the effects of substance abuse/addiction. Additionally, it will seek to describe a comprehensive model for treating this population. The mission would be to eliminate the devastating impact of substance abuse on those affected: chemically dependent individuals, those with a history of substance abuse/misuse, families/children and communities. The goal is to achieve and sustain abstinence for those addicted to alcohol and other substances in order for them toRead MoreSubstance Use Disorders ( Suds )1720 Words   |  7 Pagesdetermined that children raised by substance using parents are at an increased risk for developing substance use disorders (SUDs) in adulthood as a result of familial dissemination of substance abuse through both the environments in which the children are raised and genetic susceptibility (Merikangas et al., 1998; Merikangas Avenevoli, 2000). Unfortunately, there is an insignificant amount of literature examining the effects that the combined treatment and recovery of substance abusing parentsRead MoreEffects Of Parental Addiction On Children1457 Words   |  6 Pages THE EFFECTS PARENTAL ADDICTIONS HAVE ON CHILDREN Alexis Holcomb The cost of alcohol and substance abuse in the United States reaches heights of four hundred eighty four billion dollars per year (â€Å"Magnitude†). That’s about seven hundred eighty times the amount it cost to diagnose and treat sexually transmitted diseases in the year 2000 (Chesson). The sole purpose of this is not to persuade you one way or the other on this topic. Nor is the purpose to apologize for this social issueRead MoreAdhd and Substance Abuse1392 Words   |  6 PagesADHD and Substance Abuse                                                                                                           Ã‚                    Ã‚                  The Evidence Of Substance Abuse With ADHD                                       The purpose of this paper is to identify the link between ADHD and substance abuse. Substance abuse is a true threat to people who are diagnosed  with psychological disorders. Among the questions of precursors to substance abuse, lies the hypothesis that individuals diagnosed with Attention Deficit HyperactivityRead MoreThe Abuse Of Drugs And Alcohol1365 Words   |  6 PagesThe abuse of drugs and alcohol has been a known issue over past decades. The media paints the picture that alcohol and drug use is fun and the only way to have a good time. While alcohol in moderation is fine, many people find themselves going over board and abusing it. Elicit drugs like cocaine and heroin are highly addictive and have several adverse effects. People find themselves depressed and anxious so they ultimately try to use these drugs to mask the pain instead of getting help for theirRead MoreEssay on Effects of Parental Drug Abuse on Childr en1750 Words   |  7 PagesHeather Swenson Mandy Jesser English Composition I 1 May 2013 Effects of Parental Drug Abuse on Their Children As soon as birth, children are exposed to new things; new life experiences that will develop the path of which direction their life will take. Adolescence is the most important time in a child’s life because it is where they learn appropriate behavior from their family and the outside world. Some children are able to use these experiences to differentiate at an early age what is

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Accounting and Auditing Transactions Following the Auditing Standard KPMG Free Essay Example, 11500 words

In addition to the tax and audit services, KPMG tries to develop and enhance the performance of the business with the help of their client overview. This aspect has become the vanguard of their success, which has been made possible only through thorough knowledge about their client industry with the help of their member firms. They are rendering services in almost all areas like banking, Pharmaceuticals, Software s, Telecommunications, Equity investments, Energy serving industries etc. Moreover, they are also dealing with the areas of operational management and contract compliance. KPMG and its member firms maintain an agreement for carrying out its activities in a better manner and to provide the highest quality of service to their clients. But it is their parent firm, KPMG International, the head of the firms global operations, which gives its sanction and approval during the course of the general meetings. The compensation given by the KPMG to its members should not include rewar ds for non-audit services. At the end of the audit work, the member firms are responsible for analyzing the result of the business so audited and provide proper communication about this to its sub-partners and clients. We will write a custom essay sample on Accounting and Auditing Transactions Following the Auditing Standard KPMG or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Sperm Banks Free Essays

Genetic defects are the biggest problem when it comes to sperm banks. The greening process that a donor must go through is intentionally designed to be rigorous and exclude any donor that does not meet the high standards. Surprisingly, only one percent of donors are actually accepted nationally. We will write a custom essay sample on Sperm Banks or any similar topic only for you Order Now The screening process involves a health questionnaire, physical exam, medical and infectious disease testing, a thorough sperm quality evaluation, and several in-person interviews with staff at the sperm bank. Repeated physical exams and disease testing are ongoing while the donors are active, which means that the donors must maintain a healthy diet and stay active. Although he sperm bank goes through the screening process, they fail to test for genetic diseases because of the cost. A donor will be asked about any genetic diseases, but to save three hundred dollars, a donor will not be tested for genetic diseases. This is a problem because a child that is born could wind up with a heart problem that was not mentioned in the donor’s profile. If a couple has no warning that there is a genetic defect, they could be very upset due to the suffering and the cost of medical bills. Sperm banks overall could just charge more money for a couple to go through the process and spend he three hundred dollars to have the sperm sample go through the genetic defect testing, to save the heartache of couples that have no idea their child will have a medical problem. Sperm banks create a problem of unknown relative production because most of the time a couple is not aware of who the donor is. Therefore, the donor could be a cousin or family member of the woman that is accepting the sample. Inbreeding results in increased genetic disorders, lower birth rates, higher infant mortality, slower growth rate, smaller adult size, and loss of immune system function. Because a couple is not aware that the sperm sample could be a family member, they would be very surprised if any defects came from the implantation. Lack of diversity in the breeding pool is cause by a woman trying to pick out the best sperm. When a woman goes about the donating process, she has traits for a baby picked out. So if a woman or a group of women continuously pick out the same sperm for one particle man, there will be no diversity in society. Half of the traits will be the same in several children. Donor children eventually producing their own offspring is a major concern also. A woman is also allowed to pick several samples from the same donors in order to have two or three children with the same man. This is going to be a problem because a donor may not have enough samples to appease the quantity the woman or group of women are asking for. So there needs to be a common balance between how many samples from one man are being given out to prevent the breeding pool from being the same. Psychological issues between the family of the child and the donor of the child are bound to abrupt. Currently, the sperm donor is protected by a luaus that is legally binding that allows the donor to show no legal rights if he does not want to. These social issues arise when the donor child grows and begins to understand how they were conceived. Questions such as who is my father, do I have any siblings, and what is my medical history will eventually come about. This may cause a problem between the family, if they feel as though the child is theirs and not the donors. Jealously could even be a problem if the dad doesn’t feel like the biological father. There is also an added concern that the child may never want to find the biological father. The process of sperm donation is very emotional for the family as well. Infants can be sweet and cute, but how will the parents react if there is unforeseen behavior or medical problems? There is always an underlying concern that those problems can arise. A sperm donor could come across issues within his own family if he were to have kids, especially if the donor child was to find out. It would make the donor child feel unwanted and would definitely have a psychological impact on him/her. Overall, the sperm bank process can be very time consuming and costly. Some women may not take the first sample the first time, so they must have a few more samples before getting pregnant. If it takes years to get pregnant, a woman may just give up. The average cost of going through this process is close to ten thousand dollars. Not only is there a set fee, but if a woman wants certain traits or has to get more samples the bill is just getting much bigger. A family must be prepared for the cost and the waiting process of using a sperm bank. Ultimately, there are several things that can go wrong physically, mentally, ND socially; however, there is one story about a Louisiana man being taken to court due to a sperm bank’s mistake. An ex-girlfriend intentionally tricked the sperm bank into giving her the man’s sperm sample, and then took him to court to receive child support on the child. Who’s to say that the sperm bank has not done this several times without it coming out in the open? Maybe a certain bank is not as secretive and is telling the identity of the donors, or not testing the donors properly? Overall, the donor and the couple would really eve to trust the sperm bank that they were doing business with. How to cite Sperm Banks, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Economic and Labour Relations Method †Free Samples to Students

Question: Discuss about the Economic and Labour Relations Method. Answer: Introduction: According to the partnership act 1891 (SA), a partnership may be formed expressly or impliedly. What was the intention of the parties? Did they share profits and losses? Have both parties had a voice in management? Is there continuity in trading activities? In the case study Peking Duck Restaurant, the owner Alan and lender Bing, have failed to communicate effectively and correctly to clearly outline the terms, nature and authority of their deal. Although a deal has been struck, the contract is extremely vague, creating issues regarding ownership. The contract states that the lender, Bing, will receive a 40% share of profits and losses. This means there was a relationship formed with a view for profit. This, as well as, already having a private friendship shows a level of fiduciary. The contract also states that the lender has the right to any major decisions regarding the business. When Alan and Bing both agree that the way to improve trade is to refurnish the restaurant, they are effectively showing they are making joint decisions, to enhance profits and increase sales. According to the partnership act 1891, this means Bing has a voice in management, a key indicator to a partnership. When Alan and Bing decide to purchase furniture with the money Bing has provided, they now have common ownership of property according to the partnership act 1891. A partnership indicator is a continuity and repetition of trade. With Bing spending considerable time at the restaurant, suppliers have come to know him as a partner. This means according to the partnership act they have been dealing with him continuously and repetitively. The sharing of profits and losses, having a voice in management repetition of trading activities, common ownership and having a common view to profit are all direct legal indicators that Alan and Bing are in a legally binding partnership. The conduct carried out between these parties, in both case studies, clearly show a partnership has been formed. With Bing spending considerable time at the restaurant and their agreement on refurnishing the restaurant, their conduct towards each other is civil and professional. A partnership indicator. Their failures here are not drawing up a clear contract, stating terms, authority, duties and obligations and dispute resolutions. Agreeing to partnership means that each partner can be actively acting on behalf of the other partner as well as their own. Bing purchasing the leather chairs is a case of working on behalf of Alan while he is away on holiday. Alan has shown a level of fiduciary towards Bing when he agreed to go into partnership together. As the chairs are produced for the beneficiary of the restaurant that they co-own, using business funds is appropriate and acceptable. While Alan is away, Bing can act as an agent on Alans behalf and has implied authority. This means Bing can buy and sell on behalf of the partnership. This allows Bing to purchase the chairs without having to consult Alan beforehand. A partnership allows all partners to have apparent authority to act on behalf of the others. This means that partners will be liable for the actions of another partner relating to the partnership business- including debts occurred. Bing has used his apparent authority to purchase the chairs as he has purchased them for restaurant. He has not personally profited from his position, nor is it a conflict of interest. Bing does have an obligation to notify Alan of any activities that affect the business which he has failed to do so until Alan returned from holiday. While there has been a communication break down while Alan has been on holiday, Bings use of implied authority and apparent authority allows him to act as an agent on Alans behalf and therefore Peking Duck Restaurant is liable for the expense of the chairs. What is the legal determination of what constitutes an employee? An employee is defined as a person who is hired by an employer to perform a service. Although Sarah is a uni student and only works when she is available (casual) and she is hired to complete a service for Peking Duck Restaurant. Sarah has been receiving a wage of 150$ a day. If this is paid directly to Sarah without her having to invoice Peking Duck Restaurant seeking debts owed for services, then this is a clear legal indication that she is an employee, not a contractor. When an employee, or a contractor, is conducting services in a workplace, it is the workplaces responsibility to provide a safe place of work. This would involve placing controls into the work area to protect employees from harm and risk. Controls such as documentation, stating safe work practices, hazard analysis and permits should be in place to assist employees in understanding what safety measures and work practises are required. The injury Sarah received during work hours and while being an employee, entitles her to workers compensation. Workers compensation legislation states that compensation and rehabilitation will be provided to an employee who has suffered a work-related injury. Sarahs broken arm was suffered at work, whilst working and in work hours. As an employee, who receives wages from Peking Duck Restaurant, she should receive compensation and rehabilitation. Peking Duck Restaurant must have workers compensation insurance that covers their employees, according to the workers compensation and rehabilitation act 1986. The restaurant was negligent in providing a safe work place by not cleaning up the spill or putting up signage regarding the wet floor to notify people of the hazard. Therefore, the restaurant will be required to pay for Sarahs loss of wages and medical bills until she is fit to return to work. Tully is a Peking Duck Restaurant employee on a regular employment contract. As an employee of the restaurant, Tully has a legal obligation to faithfully and obediently carry out tasks assigned to them. She must not disclose the employers trade secrets and other information. Tully sharing the restaurants special recipes is a clear breach of her contract and against the law. She must not help her employers competitors nor take advantage of information for personal benefit. Considering there is evidence to show there has been a decline in customers since this has happened, then Peking Duck Restaurant have every right to terminate her contract. This is on the grounds of a breach of confidence. They may terminate her contract, without notice, due to this breach of contract. Peking Ducks special recipe is a trade secret and requires the strictest confidence to be kept. The restaurants evidence of disloyalty, must be clear and concise about the specific special recipe and not general and v ague. There must be evidence that the special recipe is now being used by its competitors for their advantage and clear evidence that that recipe was provided by Tully from Peking Duck. If this is in direct correlation with a change in customer number then Peking Duck Restaurant can terminate Tullys employment immediately and sue her for loss of income and damages. Tully will then be required to pay these damages to Peking Duck to the amount of the losses acquired during that period. She may also receive a fine. References https://epublications.bond.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1332context=blr A Submission To The Australian Parliament Trojan Horse Clauses: Investor-State Dispute Settlement Dr Matthew Rimmer Australian Research Council Future Fellow Associate Professor The Australian National University College Of Law The Australian National University College of Law, Canberra, ACT, 0200 https://www.worksafe.qld.gov.au/forms-and-resources/case-studies Kiel, G, Kolsen, HT Smith, C . (2000). Investigating the Economic Cost of Injury in the Workplace: A Case Study Approach. The Economic and Labour Relations Review, 11 (1), 108-135.

Thursday, March 26, 2020

The Character of Jesus

The Author’s Intent The author of the book intends to provoke those proclaiming to be Christians to develop a deeper and unwavering commitment to Christ and to encourage those not already professing Christianity, to have an interest and craving for it, and to convince them to follow a Christian way of living.Advertising We will write a custom book review sample on The Character of Jesus specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More He wants to discredit those depicting the New Testament as being implausible and outlandish to provide a true character of Jesus Christ, that though it might not be flawless, it actually suffices to deliver God’s message to humanity. He aspires to provide testimonials that may encourage others to become Christians (Jefferson 39). Synopsis Jefferson strives to convince the reader to become a Christian. He begins by explaining why some people actually forsake Christianity in favor of other religions. He notes that some people will shun Christianity, not because it is a loathed and undesirable religion, but because of the initial influence from those who claim to be Christians. He notes that many have been discouraged by Christianity because they preferred to join it through episcopal means. This might be through someone who professes Christianity, but has been inconsistent or pharisaical. Another instance is where the local church does not have a true Christian foundation. This usually results in someone shunning Christianity in his/her entire life. However, Jefferson suggests that the best way to become a Christian is through a study of his character. He states that neither professing Christianity nor making bigoted assertions are ways to become a Christian. He suggests that one should be interested in Jesus’s character other than in his outer life (Jefferson 37).Advertising Looking for book review on religion theology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first pap er with 15% OFF Learn More The author depicts the character of Jesus as being a sincere person. He states how Jesus in the midst of a detestable set of inexorable detractors and murderers, stood forth unruffled and steadfast in God’s ways. He also describes Jesus as a reasonable person, original, trustful, brotherly, optimistic, patient, humble and holy. The author’s Accomplishments Jefferson has achieved his mission of explaining the character of Jesus, through direct quotations from the four gospels in the New Testament. His Justifications of Jesus’ character form a strong basis of trying to convince the reader to follow Christianity. He explains the character of Jesus by considering his life as explained by those he came into contact with. For instance, he presents Jesus’ reasonableness on topics such as fasting, the Sabbath, prayer and swearing. He uses examples of how people react to a fallen horse on the street of an American city and a dru nken man in the same street. He explains Jesus’ originality by quoting how he proclaimed himself to be the light of the world, bread and water of life, the only good shepherd, the way, the truth, the life and mediator between God and man (Jefferson 102). In epitomizing Jesus as trustful, he notes how he was persecuted, scorned, maligned, abused, and even execrated. He was incriminated of blasphemy and of treason, but his trust in God remained steadfast.Advertising We will write a custom book review sample on The Character of Jesus specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More His brotherliness is shown in the manner he ate, talked and even visited the homes of those shunned and despised as unholy by society. He shows how Jesus was holy by leading a serene life, free from any sins. Bibliography Jefferson, Charles Edward. The Character of Jesus, New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1908. Archive.org. Web. This book review on The Character of Jesus was written and submitted by user Kaitlin Howard to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Definition and Examples of Language Planning

Definition and Examples of Language Planning The term language planning refers to measures taken by official agencies to influence the use of one or more languages in a particular speech community. American linguist Joshua Fishman has defined language planning as the authoritative allocation of resources to the attainment of language status and corpus goals, whether in connection with new functions that are aspired to or in connection with old functions that need to be discharged more adequately (1987). Four major types of language planning are status planning (about the social standing of a language), corpus planning (the structure of a language), language-in-education planning (learning), and prestige planning (image). Language planning may occur at the macro-level (the state) or the micro-level (the community). See Examples and Observations below. CodificationEnglish-Only MovementLanguage AcquisitionLanguage ChangeLanguage DeathLanguage StandardizationLanguage VarietyLinguicismLinguistic EcologyLinguistic ImperialismSociolinguistics Examples and Observations Language planning and policy arise out of sociopolitical situations where, for example, speakers of various languages compete for resources or where a particular linguistic minority is denied access to basic rights. One example is the U.S. Court Interpreters Act of 1978, which provides an interpreter to any victim, witness, or a defendant whose native language is not English. Another is the Voting Rights Act of 1975, which provides for bilingual ballots in areas where more than 5 percent of the population speak a language other than English...The French AcademyThe classical example of language planning in the context of state-into-nationality processes is that of the French Academy. Founded in 1635i.e., at a time well in advance of the major impact of industrialization and urbanizationthe Academy, nevertheless, came after the political frontiers of France had long since approximated their current limits. Nevertheless, sociocultural integration was still far from attained at that time , as witnessed by the facts that in 1644 the ladies of Marseilles Society were unable to communicate with Mlle. de Scudà ©ry in French; that in 1660 Racine had to use Spanish and Italian to make himself understood in Uzà ¨s; and that even as late as 1789 half of the population of the South did not understand French. Contemporary Language PlanningA good deal of language planning after the Second World War was undertaken by emerging nations that arose out of the end of colonial empires. These nations faced decisions as to what language(s) to designate as an official for use in the political and social arena. Such language planning was often closely aligned with the desire of new nations to symbolize their newfound identity by giving official status to the indigenous language(s) (Kaplan, 1990, p. 4). Today, however, language planning has a somewhat different function. A global economy, growing poverty in some nations of the world, and wars with their resulting refugee population have resulted in great linguistic diversity in many countries. Thus, language planning issues today often revolve around attempts to balance the language diversity that exists within a nations borders caused by immigration rather than by colonization.Language Planning and Linguistic ImperialismBritish policies in Africa and Asia have aimed at strengthening English rather than promoting multilingualism, which is the social reality. Underlying British ELT has been key tenetsmonolingualism, the native speaker as the ideal teacher, the earlier the better etc.which [are] fundamentally false. They underpin linguistic imperialism. Sources Kristin Denham and Anne Lobeck,  Linguistics for Everyone: An Introduction. Wadsworth, 2010 Joshua A. Fishman, The Impact of Nationalism on Language Planning, 1971. Rpt. in  Language in Sociocultural Change: Essays by Joshua A. Fishman. Stanford University Press, 1972 Sandra Lee McKay,  Agendas For Second Language Literacy. Cambridge University Press, 1993 Robert Phillipson, Linguistic Imperialism Alive and Kicking.  The Guardian, March 13, 2012

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

W6 597A Leveraging a Generic Strategy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

W6 597A Leveraging a Generic Strategy - Essay Example 1). Concurrently, application of the differentiation strategy means â€Å"the development of a product or service that offers unique attributes that are valued by customers and that customers perceive to be better than or different from the products of the competition† (4.2.1 What is meant by generic strategies?, 2009, p. 1). Finally, the focus strategy, also known as segmentation or niche strategy, basically means â€Å"segmenting markets and appealing to only one or a few groups of consumers or industrial buyers, to a not many select target markets. It is also called a segmentation strategy or niche strategy† (4.2.1 What is meant by generic strategies?, 2009, p. 1). After understanding the meaning of generic strategy, an existing organization in the United States that evidently established sustained market leadership by successfully leveraging a generic strategy is Ford Motor Company. Ford could be evaluated as employing the differentiation strategy which produces dif ferent models of vehicles that cater to differentiated needs and demands of the consumers. A closer look at Ford’s foundation for organizational success emphasized their commitment â€Å"to developing great products for customers around the world† (Ford Motor Company, 2015, p. 1). Their products are classified according to cars, crossovers and SUVs, trucks and vans, as well as the Lincoln (Ford Motor Company, 2015). For the cars, for instance, the lowest price is the Ford Fiesta at $13,965 and the most expensive is the Ford Taurus at $27,055 (Ford Motor Company, 2015). In addition, the company also offers payment schemes, incentives, and other special pricing offers (Ford Motor Company, 2015). The company’s special program offers, for example, are categorized according to programs for university students and newly graduates (Study Hard, Drive Well), for persons with disabilities (Ford Mobility Motoring), and for members of the military and their families (Showing Our